Bordered by India in the south and China in the north, Nepal is a land-locked country with the total area of 1, 47,181 square kilometers. Nepal only covers 0.1% of the total land on earth's s surface. Despite being small in territory, Nepal is one of the renowned and rich countries in the world in terms of natural beauty and cultural diversity. With three major regions; the Himalayan belt in the north, the hilly region in the middle and plain fertile Terai in the south, Nepal including the height peak, Mt. Everest accommodates 8 of the 10 highest peaks around the world alongside the deepest river in the world, Kali Gandaki River. Nepal is home to 27.3 million populations (according to population census 2011 AD).
Kathmandu, an archival city rich in cultural heritage sites is known to be the capital city of Nepal. According to population census 2011 AD, the Kathmandu city alone accommodates 1,740,977 populations. Out of 10 sites listed in world heritage site list by UNESCO, 4 of them lie in Kathmandu valley, namely; Pashupatinath Temple, Boudhanath Stupa, Swayambhunath stupa and Patan Durbar Square.
Nepali (44.6%) is the official spoken language as well as the mother tongue of Nepal although Nepal has more than 70 spoken languages. Besides that, Newari (3.2%), Bhojpuri (6%), Maithili (11.7%), Tharu (5.8%), and Magar (3%) are some of the major language spoken in Nepal. Moreover, 46.49 % of Nepalese people can speak English fluently.
A Nepali rupee is the currency of Nepal. It comes in a denomination of NRs. 1, NRs. 2, NRs. 5, NRs. 10, NRs. 20, NRs. 50, NRs. 100, NRs. 500 and NRs. 1000 along with coins of NRs. 1 and NRs. 2.
Culture and Religion
Though Nepal was declared a secular state in April 2006, Nepal still has the highest number of Hindu i.e. 81.3% alongside Buddhist 9.0%, Muslim 4.4%, Kiratist 3.0%, Christian 1.4%, Sikhs 0.2%, Jains 0.1% and 0.6% follow other religion. Because of its colossal enhanced land division individuals living in the different areas in various ethnic gatherings follow their own particular manner of religious practice, the way of life, dialect, culture and custom with ever tranquility of congruity in the public arena.
The climate of Nepal is affected by naval and mainland factors and has four particular seasons; spring, summer, autumn, and winter. March to May is the season of spring with a temperature around 22℃. Summer lasts from June to August and temperature can warm up, up to 30℃ or sometimes even more. Autumn starts from the month of September and lasts up to November. Similarly, winters are cold with daily maxima about 25℃ and last from December to February. Therefore, if you are planning to travel to Nepal, it is recommended to carry both light and warm clothes since the climate varies according to a regional belt.
Is Nepal safe to travel?
Nepal being unstable in its political system and poor journalism, this question might be popping up in your mind. Well, the short answer is yes. Nepal is one of the safest countries to travel around the globe and it is intact truth to be told. Nepal seems more snugly than most of the countries in the world because of the religious nature and their characteristic considerations. People here are very cordial and acknowledge tourists as a pillar of the economy and are extremely welcoming. While trivial burglary is not on the scale that exists in Nepal, reports of theft from hotel rooms do at times reach to us but theft with savagery has not been heard till the date. Thus, we recommend you not to store valuable belongings in your hotel room.
On the off chance that you are pondering about how to get Nepal visa, at that point the least demanding approach to get it is at the Tribhuvan International Airport upon your landing in Nepal or else at the migration section point on the off chance that you are entering through the outskirt of India or Tibet. You will require a valid passport with the validity of at least 6 months, two passport size photos, and visa fee in cash to fill the application form for the visa. In the event that you need to expand visa for 15 days or less, visa expansion charge is USD 30 or proportionate convertible money. In the event that you need to expand the visa for over 15 days, USD 2 will be charged every day following 15 days. In any case, the visa can be stretched out most extreme up to 150 days in a visa year.
Note: There are couples of nations to be specific Nigeria, Ghana, Afghanistan, Zimbabwe, Somalia, Cameroon, Swaziland, Iraq, Ethiopia, Liberia, Palestine, and so on. Individuals from these nations don't get the visa from the movement section purposes of Nepal.
In order to do any adventure trips in Nepal, it is compulsory to have travel insurance of at least USD 100,000 which should cover both the medical and crisis expulsion cost. While voyaging, it is constantly best to be groomed for any dangers or unexpected conditions that may happen. The hazard and odds of issues like medical problems, wounds, and even altitude sickness ensuing is dependably a believability that may happen. Accordingly, you must prepare in advance, particularly if your movements incorporate the mountains and the Himalayas.
Best Trekking Season
Choice of the season for your trip plays an essential part in choosing how imperative and astonishing your trek might be. A couple of individuals crush their voyage as a result of the appalling choice of a season while some get a chance to endeavor the wonderfulness of Himalayas, rich inclines, valleys, rivers and another scene at its fullest. Overall, fall season (September-November) and spring season (March-May) is considered as the best trekking season in Nepal. In any case, the best season for your visit may differentiate as indicated by your purpose for the trip to Nepal.
The flights in Nepal are likely to get delayed or canceled due to its diverse geography and climatic variation. As the Tribhuvan International Airport in Nepal doesn't have the innovation of Instrumental Landing System, the unfavorable climate conditions like substantial rain, thick haze, solid breezes, and so forth may prompt flight postponements and crossing out. The flights in Nepal is prone to get delayed mostly in Monsoon season and winter season due to the gloomy sky and thick fog. Thus, road transport can be used as the alternative choice in case of emergency.
Make sure to keep your gear as light as feasible for a convenient travel. A porter can be made accessible for two individuals who will pass on up to 25 kg at most outrageous, thusly, recall this before you gather your equipment. However, following is the list of equipment that are mandatory for the travel in Nepal:
- Duffle or rucksack bag: This is valuable for putting away non-trek things that you will desert in Kathmandu or at an inn amid your trek.
- Day pack: For conveying water, snacks, garments layers, and different basics amid your trek.
- Down coat
- Sleeping bag
- Sun hat or scarf
- Polarized sun glasses
- Thin inner and warm hiking wool socks
- Hiking boots and sneakers
- Lightweight and heavyweight gloves
- Under garments
- Hiking shorts
- Lightweight along with thick woolen pants
- Lightweight thermal tops
- Jacket and windcheater
- Headlamp with extra batteries and bulb
- First-aid kit
- Large plastic bags
- Water bottles
- Toiletries (wash towel, toothbrush, toilet paper, soap, nail cutter)
While voyaging, it is always best to be prepared for any threats or sudden conditions that may happen. Indeed, even elevation affliction resulting is reliably a credibility that may happen. In such cases, you are needed to be transferred to the nearest medical center where your travel insurance plays a vital role. Likewise, you should get ready ahead of time, especially if your developments fuse the mountains and the Himalayas.
Trekking Field Staff
Numerous agencies have been established to operate trips to the various part of the country. Thus we recommend you to choose your trekking staff wisely for the fullest enjoyment of your tour. You will also encounter the porter who will carry up to 25 kg of accessories for making your travel more convenient.
Index Adventure team comprises of skilled manpower who are well trained with safety measures in case of emergencies. Index Adventure makes sure that your stay in Nepal with us is pleasant and you take back galore of memories back to your home country. Also, we make sure that you are connected to us and come back to us for more trekking experiences.